What is a biomechanical assessment?
A biomechanical foot and gait assessment looks at the structure and function of the feet, legs and upper body and aims to pinpoint any anomalies which may be contributing to pain or discomfort. The position of the joints, bones and musculature, and how they all function together, is examined.
The assessment involves The assessment involves examining the feet whilst sitting down , when standing, and when walking
Who may benefit from a biomechanical assessment?
The structure and function of a person’s foot can sometimes cause pain if it is not what it should be.
Common problems which may result from poor biomechanics include:
- Heel pain
- Arch or instep pain
- Pain in the ball of the foot (metatarsal heads)
- Claw toes or hammer toes
- Bunion formation
- Flat feet (fallen arches)
- Achilles tendonitis
- Ankle pain
- Shin splints
- Knee pain
- Lower back
- Neck pain
As you can see, poor foot posture can have an effect on the whole body.
Often this poor foot posture comes in the form of flat feet (over pronation), but for some it could be that the foot arches are extra high, they in-toe or out-toe, or they may have one leg longer than the other. Variations in the size and location of one or more of the 26 bones in each foot can also have an affect on a person’s gait.
After the biomechanical assessment is completed, treatment is then advised which may include stretching or strengthening exercises, footwear changes, orthotic therapy, or other therapy.